Other countries may decide not to sign the agreements. “Not all nations support these ideals” of freedom and private entrepreneurship, Keith Krach, secretary of state for economic growth, energy and the environment, said at the signing ceremony, “so those who do this must stick together.” The impetus for this provision was to help the scientific community answer an important question: is there life outside the earth? The authors of the treaty knew that it would be difficult to identify an extraterrestrial organism on Mars, for example, if we had already spread life from Earth on the planet. On the other hand, scientists did not know if there was extraterrestrial life on the Moon or elsewhere, and they did not want to take the risk that space agencies would bring back a deadly space microforth that had never been seen before. Between 1959 and 1962, Western powers made a series of proposals to prohibit the use of space for military purposes. Their successive plans for general and complete disarmament contained provisions to prohibit orbital and the deployment of weapons of mass destruction in space. Addressing the General Assembly on September 22, 1960, President Eisenhower proposed to apply the principles of the Antarctic Treaty to space and celestial bodies. Any State Party that launches or procures the launch of an object into space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, and any State Party from which an object or entity is created is internationally responsible for the damage caused to another State Party or to its natural or legal person by that object or its elements on Earth. , in airspace or space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies. But in recent years, space law experts have debated its interpretation, as more and more companies are showing interest in reducing space objects for resources. Private company Moon Express, which wants to launch its first space probe to the Moon this year, has a long-term goal of reclaiming the Moon`s surface for water, while Planetary Resources and Deep Space Industries want to extract water and other resources from asteroids in the future.
Faced with these ambitions, legislators are working on legislation that would create a legal framework. This is a perfect example of the role the Space Treaty has played over the past 50 years. The treaty set only a minimum of rules for countries to be respected. How these rules will be implemented will be determined by each nation that has signed the treaty. “There is flexibility in respecting the commitment,” says Mr. Schofer. “And the way we get more details is national space legislation.” Recognizing the common interest of all in advancing the exploration and use of space for peaceful purposes, the United States supported the resolution, although there are no provisions to consider it; The capabilities of its space tracking systems were estimated to be sufficient to detect take-offs and aircraft in orbit. States Parties immediately inform other States Parties to the Treaty or the Secretary-General of the United Nations of any phenomena they discover in space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, that could pose a danger to the life or health of astronauts.